''Institutes of Oratory: or, Education of an Orator'
By Quintilian (Author), Curtis Dozier (Editor), Lee Honeycutt (Editor), Rev. John Selby Watson (Translator)'
This is the first single-volume English translation of the "Institutio Oratoria," a treatise on all stages of the orator’s education that was written in Latin under the emperor Domitian (81–96 CE) by the Roman rhetorician and teacher Marcus Fabius Quintilianus, commonly known as Quintilian. In the course of twelve books Quintilian discusses the education of young children, rhetorical theory (including discussion of invention of arguments, arrangement, style, memory, and performance), literary criticism and history, gesture, rhythm, the ethics of persuasion, and much more. It is a treatise that has had a profound influence on education from Late Antiquity through the Renaissance and into the present day. This translation is based on that of the Rev. John Selby Watson, originally published in 1856 in two volumes and now in the public domain. For this edition the editors have updated Watson's widely admired and already very readable translation to reflect 21st century usage. Several other editions of Watson’s translation of Quintilian’s “Institutes” are available, but these are unrevised scans (often of low quality) of out-of-copyright editions and usually include only half the work, even if the title states “in twelve volumes” (this designation is copied from the title page to Watson’s original edition in two volumes). This completely re-typeset edition is the only edition of Watson’s translation to include Quintilian’s complete text in one volume.
Quintilian, Latin in full Marcus Fabius Quintilianus (born ad 35, Calagurris Nassica, Hispania Tarraconensis—died after 96, Rome), Latin teacher and writer whose work on rhetoric, Institutio oratoria, is a major contribution to educational theory and literary criticism.
Quintilian was born in northern Spain, but he was probably educated in Rome, where he afterward received some practical training from the leading orator of the day, Domitius Afer. He then practiced for a time as an advocate in the law courts. He left for his native Spain sometime after 57 but returned to Rome in 68 and began to teach rhetoric, combining this with advocacy in the law courts. Under the emperor Vespasian (ruled 69–79) he became the first teacher to receive a state salary for teaching Latin rhetoric, and he also held his position as Rome’s leading teacher under the emperors Titus and Domitian, retiring probably in 88. Toward the end of Domitian’s reign (81–96) he was entrusted with the education of the Emperor’s two heirs (his grandnephews), and through the good agency of the boys’ father, Flavius Clemens, he was given the honorary title of consul (ornamenta consularia). His own death, which probably took place soon after Domitian’s assassination, was preceded by that of his young wife and two sons.
Quintilian’s great work, the Institutio oratoria, in 12 books, was published shortly before the end of his life. He believed that the entire educational process, from infancy onward, was relevant to his major theme of training an orator.