When the angels say, "O Lord, these servants of Yours are intending to perform a negative action," Allah the Exalted and Glorious responds:
Observe these servants. If they perform the negative action, inscribe in their books one negative action. If they refrain, inscribe for these servants a good action, but only if they refrain for My Sake.
(Khabar 71 recorded in Ibn Arabi's Mishkat al-Anwar reported by the sage al-Baghawi. Khabar go back to God without a complete chain via the Prophet, and are mostly taken from well-known collections, such as those by Muslim or Tirmidhi.)
'An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy'
By Oliver Leaman (Author)
Islamic philosophy is a unique and fascinating form of thought, and particular interest lies in its classical (Greek-influenced) period, when many of the ideas of Greek philosophy were used to explore the issues and theoretical problems which arise in trying to understand the Qur'an and Islamic practice. In this revised and expanded 2001 edition of his classic introductory work, Oliver Leaman examines the distinctive features of Classical Islamic philosophy and offers detailed accounts of major individual thinkers. In contrast to many previous studies that have treated this subject as only of historical interest, he offers analysis of the key arguments within Islamic philosophy so that the reader can engage with them and assess their strengths and weaknesses. His book will interest a wide range of readers in philosophy, religious studies and Islamic studies.